|I'm pretty sure this means that geese are Lawful|
Law is the ethical stance that the good of the group outweighs the individual. A lawful character will put themselves in harm's way before his allies. The lawful focus on the benefit to society marks the lawful philosophy as remarkably similar to the Categorical Imperative ethical stance taken by Immanuel Kant.
Through choice or indecision, neutral characters place no ethos above another, instead adhering to a path of pragmatism. This neutral philosophy blends a breed of enlightened self-interest with John Stuart Mill's Utilitarian ethical stance.
Where Law sees strength in unity, Chaos sees strength in the will to seize power, using whatever means necessary to achieve it. Rarely will chaotic characters put themselves in harm's way for another unless there is great reward for doing so. The "will to power" philosophy of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche's Nihilism (although he didn't call it that) is a perfect fit for Chaos.
How the hell did I leave out language? Really, language is one of the things that draws me in to this setting, so I'm shocked that I managed to leave it out. In my defense, I was getting really tired and needed some sleep. So here we go.
Common is right out. There is no "common tongue." Instead, a series of regional tongues, different colloquial breeds of the German language (Deutsch), pepper the landscape, each with its own peculiarities, unique vocabularies, and/or consonant or vowel shifts. Finding the commonalities between the different Deutsch languages and building upon them, a "high German" (Hochdeutsch) has sprung up and is in wide use in the official administration of Imperial bureaucracy and in the courts of nobility. Merchants make wide use of Hochdeutsch, and nearly every subject of the Empire can understand it and speaking it is more a matter of removing colloquialisms rather than learning a discrete new language. Thus, all characters originating within the German states of the Holy Roman Empire learn to speak both their regional dialect (in the valley setting for ItSotBG, this dialect is Austro-Bavarian Deutsch) as well as Hochdeutsch.
Other common languages to think about include:
- The Black Speech, language of the beasts and beast men of Chaos. Some common folk believe the Black Speech to be the devil's own tongue and that merely knowing a few words of it are enough to damn a man's soul to eternal torment.
- Latin, in all its various forms. Understanding classical Latin is enough to be able to puzzle through most permutations of the language.
- French, divided as it is into different regional colloquialisms.
- Dutch, and the other low countries languages (no offense guys, but we're going to throw Flemmish and Freis in here, too).
- Western Slavonic, a family of languages spoken in the kingdoms of Bohemia and Poland.
- Eastern Slavonic, a family that includes Russian and some others.
- Alvlantesk, the language of elves and other inhabitants of the Dreaming Lands.
- Gurgir, a family of languages spoken by dwarves, gnomes, kobolds and other subterranean beings.
- Hungarian, because I feel like I shouldn't leave them out.
- Swedish, because those guys were about to become really important.
- Danish, because Denmark is like Germany's hat. And I felt like I needed to include it.
- Ottoman Turk, spoken throughout the Ottoman Empire which threatens to spread over Europe like a tsunami.
- Italian, although regional differences here are very pronounced.
- Spanish, and associated dialects, some of which may even be considered separate languages, but we're going to throw all together here.
- Yep, I left English off. You can speak English if you really want to, but it's probably not going to come up in the game. This isn't the Tudors.
Knowing the base language for a family of languages is enough to understand the derivative dialects and colloquialisms. For those keeping score at home, yes, I've really simplified the myriad languages spoken in Europe in the 17th Century drastically here.
So, I knew I was going to have to talk about this at some point. Here's the deal: in keeping to the time period and location that I've selected for ItSotBG, there's an awful lot of religious strife. In fact, it's about to percolate into the Thirty Years' War (although your characters definitely don't know that). The major religious conflict is between Catholicism and the various Protestant faiths that pop up on a nearly daily basis. While most protestants within the Empire are Lutherans, there are no shortage of Hussites, Calvinists or other Protestants. Within the duchy of Bavaria, however, the vast majority are Catholic, with exceptionally small pockets of Protestant activity which are often persecuted by the Catholic majority as heretics. Jews are present in major population centers such as Munich, and Islamic Ottoman Turks can occasionally be found in the duchy, if only passing through. It ain't necessarily pretty, but it's the status quo. Player characters are most likely to be Catholic, but non-Catholic PCs are viable and may have a strong role to play in events unfolding in the near future.
Dark cults of the lords of Chaos are widely considered to be responsible for many of the ills that befall society, including the religious schisms between Protestants and Catholics that are sweeping through Europe. Both sides see their other as corrupt and potentially guilty of not merely heresy, but systemic occultism and devotion to demons and nameless, forgotten deities. Some suggest that this partisan muckraking reveals the influence of dark powers at work playing each side against each other; most write off such conspiracy theories as pure paranoia. But then, ever since the Black Giant started spewing smoke, the conflicts between Protestants and Catholics have gotten bloodier, with war looming heavily on the horizon, so perhaps there is something to be said for the paranoiac ramblings.